The Vietnam newborn screening scheme was officially started in 2007 by The General Office of Population and Family Planing. The objective was to raise community awareness and set up networks of new- born screening service all over the country. Screening tests were not covered by public insurance system; therefore, the scheme paid the screening G6PD deficiency and congenital hypothyroidism for the poor and remote area resi- dents while local governments helped hospitals and health centers socialize the screening for other people.
Abstract Background: The recently completed Uganda Sickle Surveillance Study (US3) documented a high prevalence of sickle cell trait (13.3%) and disease (0.7%) among 97361 HIV-exposed infants and toddlers, with non-uniform geospatial distribution across the country. However this survey was done among HIV exposed infants. Following US3, the Uganda Ministry of Health began a prospective targeted newborn hemoglobinopathy screening program to (1) confirm trait and disease estimates within high-burden districts; (2) compare the prevalence among both HIV-exposed and non-exposed chil- dren; (3) validate the proposed HIV co-morbidity; and (4) demonstrate the feasibility of conducting targeted new born screening program in a resource limited setting.
“Newborn screening is not simply buying a kit or a machine; it’s a whole approach of analysis and interpretation. Now, it’s time to convince the authorities to move forward”, says Dr. Issam Khneisser, NBS pioneer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
Newborn screening program managers from 12 countries in the Asia Pacific Region attended the Fifth Workshop on Consolidating Newborn Screening Efforts in the Asia-Pacific Region in order to establish guidelines for regionalization, collaboration, policy development and networking.
The NBS Program in the Philippines started out as a pilot project involving 24 hospitals in the country’s capital region. It took some time for the newborn screening program to be successfully integrated into the national health program through the Philippine Newborn Screening Act of 2004. Almost two decades after the pilot project, the program was deemed ready for the expansion from screening for six disorders to screening for more than 20 disorders. The presentation from Dr. Melanie presents the challenges of implementing an expanded newborn screening program in a developing country like the Philippines and the conditions identified in the first phases of offering the service.